Standard Flatbed Trailer Styles and Types
Flatbed trailers are the most typical kind of freight trailer and are used to move everything from Light-truck-loads (LTL) to bigger loads like Wide Loads.
The advantage of a flatbed trailer is that it’s reasonably simple and fast to load and discharge, considered that you can fill and unload the freight from 3 various angles: the sides, the back, or overhead.
Some flatbeds can likewise be geared up with ramps on the back, permitting your own devices up onto them in addition to off. Nevertheless, these are more commonly referred to as Step Deck Trailers and are covered in more information here.
Basic Specs of a Flatbed Trailer
Flatbed Trailer Length
This normally comes in at being 48 feet long. There are some flatbeds that are 45 feet long, and this is because, in some states, like California, this length is limited to 45 feet. Unless you’re doing transportation through or in California, nevertheless, you generally will not have to worry about this, and 48 feet will be your flatbed length.
Flatbed Trailer Width
This is constantly going to be 102 inches, however, the Flatbed load width is lawfully needed to be 8 feet 6 inches. Anything over that, and you’ll need authorization, and anything over 11 feet 6 inches wide will require a Pilot/Escort Lorry Operator (P/EVO) in a lot of states. Typically, your freight is permitted to overhang on the edges of the trailer, but each state has various requirements regarding which permits are required for this, so make certain to talk to our specialists when submitting your Flatbed Quote, or check your state’s documents.
An advantage to note is that many over-wide shipments are usually required to take a trip just during daylight hours on the roadway.
Flatbed Shipment Weight
Flatbed trailers can support anywhere from 1,000 – 48,000 pounds of weight. This can sometimes be surpassed to 52,000 pounds however just in particular situations with unique additional devices. It’s so unusual, that you nearly will never ever have to worry about it.
Flatbed Legal Shipment Height
On a Flatbed trailer, this is technically 9 feet tall, however, the rule of thumb is to keep it at 8 feet and 6 inches. This is to permit space for errors and is acknowledged by all expert truckers as the ‘standard height’ for a Flatbed load. Anything over 9 feet tall, however, and you’re going to be flagged as Over-Dimensional (OD), and getting a permit at that point will be obligatory.
Step Deck Trailers
Step Deck Trailers, also often described as “Drop Deck Trailers“, or “Single Drop Trailers“, are a variation of the Flatbed Trailer, however in addition to the regular flatbed, have an increasing “step” deck toward the front of the trailer.
These trailers are made use of for taller shipments that are not enabled on a regular flatbed trailer, generally due to height limitations. It’s likewise much easier to transport equipment, such as construction lorries and tractors, because lots of Step Deck Trailers are geared up with rear ramps, allowing for the devices to quickly be increased and onto the trailer.
Standard Requirements of a Step Deck Trailer
Step Deck Trailer Length
The basic length of a Step Deck is typically about 37′ on the bottom deck, and 15′ on the top. This allows motorists, for example, to own a tractor up onto the bottom deck, and after that perhaps load a partial-load on the top, depending upon the total weight.
Step Deck Trailer Width
Enabled width for your freight is 8′ 6″ in usually every scenario unless you have a license for going larger, in which some varying degree of the overhang is permitted, depending upon the permit type. For the most part, nevertheless, these requirements and restrictions are state-dependent, so consult our specialists on your load.
Step Deck Shipment Weight
The weight allowance for a Step Deck is the very same as the weight allowance for a Basic Flatbed, which is generally between 48,000 – 53,000 pounds, depending upon the newness and products the trailer was produced with.
Step Deck Legal Shipment Height
Among the most crucial elements of the varying specifications between a Basic Flatbed and a Step Deck, Step Deck permits a greater height threshold due to the fact that of its front step. The standard height for a Step Deck is 11′ high, however, the guideline, as in many cases, is 6″ of clearance, making 10′ 6″ the normal height restriction. This has to do with 2 feet of extra clearance than the Requirement Flatbed, without the requirement for a license, making it an ideal choice for greater shipments such as tractors, different kinds of equipment, and anything that’s over a height of 9′ tall.
Double Drop Trailers
Double Drop Trailers are a customized flatbed trailer and are typically utilized for large-scale freight, and is a type of RGN or Removable Gooseneck Trailer. They can also often fall into the Heavy Haul Freight category. Nevertheless, they’re most often utilized for Flatbed freight also, because they have a lot deck area to deal with.
A lower deck height permits you to transport greater equipment or product as well as makes use of a “well”, which permits freight like building and construction equipment, farm lorries, and other things like this to being in the middle. A front and back deck also enables other partials to be filled on also.
Standard Specs for Double Drop Trailers
Double Drop Trailer Height
Double Drop Trailers have 3 zones of length: the front deck, the “well”, and the rear deck. The front deck is typically 10′ long, the “well” is in between 25′ – 30′, and the rear deck is normally 9′ long.
Double Drop Trailer Width
The width of the Double Drop Trailer follows the requirement for Flatbed Trailers at 8′ 6″. If your shipment is wider than that, you’ll have to get an authorization for it, where some differing degree of the overhang is allowed, depending on the authorization type. For the most part, nevertheless, these requirements and constraints are state-dependent, so contact our specialists on your load.
Double Drop Shipment Weight
The weight allowance for a Drop Deck is less than a Basic Flatbed Trailer, since of it being lower to the ground to permit higher shipments, and can not be more than 35,000 pounds.
Double Drop Legal Shipment Height
The benefit of a Double Drop Trailer is the maximum height allows for most of the highest Flatbed freight you’ll come across at an optimum tolerance level of 11′ 6″.
There are many specific Flatbed Trailers that offer higher length options, and these are usually referred to as Stretch Trailers. They are less common however in unique circumstances, they can use an excellent resource for those difficult deliveries that may be longer than general limitations of Requirement Flatbeds and Step Deck Trailers.
The various types of Stretch Trailers are noted below:
Extendable Flatbed Trailers
Extendable Flatbed Trailers could also be referred to as “flatbed stretch trailers”, and are, as the name recommends, simply stretched Flatbed Trailers.
They are created to support deliveries that are too long to fit on Requirement Flatbed Trailers.
Basic Requirements of an Extendable Flatbed Trailer
Extendable Flatbed Trailer Length
The main distinction from Standard Flatbed Trailer in this particular stretch trailer is that it is can be as much as 80 feet in length, making it possible to practically double the length of the Requirement Flatbed.
Extendable Flatbed Trailer Width
Like the Requirement Flatbed Trailer, this is constantly going to be 102 inches, but the load width is lawfully required to be 8 feet 6 inches. Anything over that, and you’ll need a license.
Typically, your freight is permitted to overhang on the edges of the trailer, however, each state has different requirements regarding which authorizations are needed for this, so be sure to talk to our specialists when completing your Flatbed Quote, or inspect your state’s documentation.
A good idea to note, as pointed out in the info for most of these trailers, most over-wide deliveries are almost always needed to travel just throughout daytime hours on the roadway.
Extendable Flatbed Shipment Weight
The weight limit for Extendable Flatbed Trailers is slightly different than that of the Standard Flatbed Trailer by about 5,000 pounds: 1,000 – 43,000 pounds.
Extendable Flatbed Legal Shipment Height
Technically 9 feet tall, but the general rule is to keep it at 8 feet and 6 inches. This is to enable space for errors and is recognized by all expert truckers as the ‘basic height’ for a Flatbed load. Anything over 9 feet tall, nevertheless, will require a permit. Over-Dimensional (OD), and getting a license at that point will be necessary.
Stretch Double Drop Trailers
Stretch Double Drop Trailers are specialized Double Drop Trailers that are designed for longer freight than generally fit on their Basic equivalent. They also tend to have 2-3 axles depending on the weight of the load.
Standard Requirements of a Stretch Double Drop Trailer.
Stretch Double Drop Trailer Length
The Stretch Double Drop Trailer is made from 3 decks, like the Requirement Double Drop Trailer, with the front deck being 10′ long, the main deck (not actually a “well”) being 29′ – 50′ long, and the rear deck is 9′ long.
Stretch Double Drop Trailer Width
Like all Flatbed Trailers, the legal width for your freight is 8 feet 6 inches. Anything over this, and you’ll have to get a license.
Stretch Double Drop Shipment Weight
The weight limitation for a Stretch Double Drop Trailer is 40,000 Lbs. This is more than it’s Basic equivalent due to the fact that the length enables additional axles.
Stretch Double Drop Shipment Height
The height limit for a Stretch Double Drop Trailer is broken up into 3 parts: The front deck has a height limit of 8 feet 6 inches, the middle (or main) deck has a height limit of 11 feet 6 inches, and the rear deck can be no more than 10′. Anything greater than these, and you’ll need to get a license.
Stretch Single Drop Trailers
Stretch Single Drop Trailers are the longer version of the Step Deck Trailer and are used to transport loads and freight that are too long to fit on a Basic Step Deck Trailer.
Standard Specifications of a Stretch Single Drop Trailer
Stretch Single Drop Trailer Length
The main difference from the Requirement Double Drop Trailer is that it is can be up to 63′ in length, as compared with the 37′ length on a Standard Step Deck.
Stretch Single Drop Trailer Width
Like the Requirement Step Deck Trailer, the real width is 102 inches, however, the load width is lawfully needed to be 8 feet 6 inches.
Normally, your freight is allowed to overhang on the edges of the trailer, but each state has different requirements as to which licenses are needed for this, so make sure to talk to our experts when submitting a Flatbed Quote, or examine your state’s documentation.
An advantage to note, as mentioned in the information for the majority of these trailers, is that many over-wide shipments are generally required to travel only during daylight hours on the roadway.
Stretch Single Drop Shipment Weight
The weight limitation for Stretch Single Drop Trailer is a little less than that of the Standard Step Deck Trailer and is needed to be no more than 45,000 Pounds.
Stretch Single Drop Shipment Height
The legal height for a Stretch Single Drop Trailer has to do with a foot less than exactly what you would get on a Basic Step Deck Trailer. So you can not go above 10′ without getting authorization.